Discipline can be termed as the training that produces obedience or self-control, often in
the form of rules and punishments if these are broken, or the obedience or self-
control produced by this training. Discipline is also the ability to control a mental activity.
Discipline can play a key role in creating safer schools, where children’s rights and dignity are respected and they are equipped to achieve their full potential. Most discipline approaches reject the use of violence as a teaching tool. They focus instead on guiding children’s behaviour; rather than enforcing good behaviour through fear, the educators play the role of mentors and guides, and the school makes long-term investment in a child’s development. In so doing, these approaches not only supports children’s full development, but also improves the school environment by eliminating fear, teaching children self-discipline and encouraging greater pleasure and engagement in learning.
Difference between punishment and discipline:
People often see ‘discipline’ as the same thing as ‘punishment’. They are not. Discipline actually refers to the practice of teaching or training a person to obey rules or a code of behaviour in the short- and long-term, while punishment is meant to control children’s behavior; discipline is meant to develop their behaviour. It is meant to teach children self-control and confidence by focusing on what they are capable of learning. The ultimate goal of discipline is for children to understand their own behaviour, take initiative, be responsible for their choices, and respect themselves and others. Discipline should:
• Focus in correcting and educating;
• Promote responsibility and self-discipline; and
• Never undermine or compromise the dignity of the learner or educator.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE DISCIPLINE
The difference between negative and positive discipline
Negative discipline focuses on punishment. Negative discipline uses measures aimed at hurting children physical or emotionally as a way of stopping misbehaviour, punishing them and preventing bad behaviour in the future. It includes corporal or physical punishment, as well as emotional punishment, which aims to embarrass or shame children.
Examples of Negative disciplineCorporal or physical punishment includes:
Hitting, smacking, slapping and spanking with a hand, whip, stick,
shoe, wooden spoon or other implement.
Kicking, shaking, throwing, pinching, scratching, biting, burning,
pulling a child’s hair or boxing their ears.
Forcing children to stay in uncomfortable positions, forcing children
to swallow spices, or washing their mouths with soap.
While corporal punishment is meant to cause physical pain, emotional
punishment is meant to humiliate and cause psychological pain. It includes:
Sarcasm or making fun of children
Yelling and commanding
Humiliating actions such as forcing children to stay in undignified positions or wear a sign for everyone to see and comment on.
Positive discipline focuses on discipline rather than punishment. It aims to teach children to
understand and follow social rules, both within the classroom and outside it, without using
physical or emotional violence. It emphasizes teaching children to do things right rather than punishing them for doing wrong. It aims to encourage self-discipline and mutual respect within a non-violent and caring environment.
The positive discipline approach is rooted in a respect for human rights. It takes as its starting point that children have the right to a safe school environment, free from violence. It aims to build a culture of human rights where everyone, learners and educators alike, are protected from harm and are treated with dignity and respect.
Positive discipline aims to work with children and not against them. The emphasis is on building on learners’ strengths rather than criticizing their weaknesses and uses positive reinforcement to promote good behaviour. It involves giving children clear guidelines for what behaviour is acceptable and then supporting them as they learn to abide by these guidelines. The approach actively promotes child participation and problem solving, while at the same time encouraging adults to become positive role models for the youngsters in their care.
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